SharePoint PowerShell How To: Create SharePoint Document Sets for Load/Performance Testing

SharePoint PowerShell How To Series – Foreword

I often find myself scratching around the local drive of my development machines for remnants of PowerShell scripts to generate list & libraries in SharePoint with all sorts of different folder hierarchies to test the performance of code I’m working on to ensure it scales well once the folder & item counts start getting up to high numbers. So rather than keep scratching I’m going to start posting my scripts as I create and use them so I can find/reuse them later on and someone else might find them useful as well. I’m sure they won’t work under all scenarios and situations (and they are not designed to). They are just quick scripts that serve a specific purpose to me at the time and you may be able to tweak to fit your needs.

Create document sets in the root of a document library

Script description: Create 6000 document sets within the “Document Set Performance Test” library of the “LocationContentTesting” site on the SharePoint Server “vs-server82”.

Note: this assumes you have made have the standard “Document Set” content type available in the library.

#Script settings
$webUrl = "http://vs-server82/locationcontenttesting"
$listName = "Document Set Performance Test"
$numberDocSetsToCreate = 6000
$docSetNamePrefix = "Doc Set Load Test "

### Get web and list
$web = Get-SPWeb $webUrl
$list = $web.Lists[$listName]

### Get Document Set Content Type from list
$cType = $list.ContentTypes["Document Set"]

### Create new Document Set
[Hashtable]$docsetProperties = @{}

# Create desired number of subfolders
for($i=1; $i -le $numberDocSetsToCreate; $i++)
    $newDocumentSet = [Microsoft.Office.DocumentManagement.DocumentSets.DocumentSet]::Create($list.RootFolder,"$docSetNamePrefix$i",$cType.Id, $docsetProperties)
    write-host "$docSetNamePrefix$i ... created"


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8 thoughts on “SharePoint PowerShell How To: Create SharePoint Document Sets for Load/Performance Testing

Add yours

  1. Hi
    Fiirst of all many thanks for the script & for your contribution,

    I would like to get a hint on how to upload folders (with subfolders containing sub files) to a document set from a location on the c drive.

    Thanks in advance for your help,



  2. Hi Cameron,
    Excellent article. I have a bit different requirement. I already have a document set where there are existing documents. Now I would like to set a choice field of these existing documents to a specific value. Is it possible using Powershell?


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